Kidney stones -Symptoms of kidney stones

  • By sudha singh
  • at September 03, 2022 -


Stones form in the kidney when there is not enough fluid to dilute waste products. As these waste products build up, they form crystals. The crystals eventually become large enough to form a stone.

What are kidney stones?

Kidney stones are small, hard deposits that form in your kidneys. They are made up of minerals and acid salts and can vary in size from a grain of sand to a pearl. Kidney stones usually don't cause any symptoms until they start to move down the urinary tract. When they do, you may have severe pain in your abdomen, back, groin, or side.

You may also have blood in your urine, nausea, and vomiting. If the stone is large enough, it can block the flow of urine and cause urinary tract infections. Kidney stones are fairly common, affecting about 1 in 10 people at some point in their lives.

Symptoms of kidney stones

As you know, kidney stones can be extremely painful. But did you know that there are different types of kidney stones, and each type has its own set of symptoms? Here's a quick rundown of the different types of kidney stones and their symptoms:

-Calcium Stones: These are the most common type of kidney stones. They're usually made up of calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate. Symptoms of calcium stones include pain in the side and back, as well as blood in the urine.

-Struvite Stones: These stones are usually caused by an infection in the urinary tract. They're made up of struvite, a compound of magnesium, ammonium, and phosphate. Symptoms of struvite stones include pain in the lower abdomen, as well as fever and chills.

-Uric Acid Stones: These stones are more common in men than women. They're made up of uric acid, which is a waste product that's produced when the body breaks down food. Symptoms of uric acid stones include pain in the lower abdomen, as well as blood in the urine.

-Cystine Stones: These stones are more common in women than men. They're made

Treatment for kidney stones

If you have kidney stones, there are a few different treatment options that your doctor may recommend. These include:

1. Drinking lots of water. This will help to flush the stones out of your system.

2. Taking medication to help break up the stones.

3. Having surgery to remove the stones.

4. Doing shock wave therapy to break up the stones.

5. Doing a procedure called percutaneous nephrolithotomy, which involves making a small incision in your back and removing the stones through a tube.

Your doctor will likely recommend the treatment option that is best for you based on the size and number of stones you have, as well as your overall health.

Prevention of kidney stones

There are many different ways that you can prevent kidney stones from developing. Some of the most common methods include:

1. Drinking plenty of fluids: This is one of the most important things you can do to prevent kidney stones. By drinking enough fluids, you will ensure that your urine is dilute and less likely to form crystals.

2. Avoiding certain foods: There are some foods that are known to increase the risk of kidney stones, such as those high in oxalates or calcium. If you are prone to kidney stones, it may be best to avoid these foods altogether.

3. Taking supplements: Some supplements, such as citrate or magnesium, have been shown to reduce the risk of kidney stones. If you are at risk for kidney stones, talk to your doctor about whether these supplements might be right for you.

4. Getting enough exercise: Exercise has numerous health benefits, and one of them may be reducing the risk of kidney stones. Exercise helps to keep your body healthy and working properly, which can help prevent the formation of crystals in your urine.

5. Maintaining a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese increases the risk of developing kidney stones. By maintaining a


If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of kidney stones, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible. Kidney stones can be very painful and can cause serious health complications if they are not treated properly. If you think you may have kidney stones, talk to your doctor about your options for treatment.


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